डाइबिटीज से पीड़ित लोगों का किडनी ख़राब कैसे होता है , क्या है इसके लक्षण और बचाव।

How do you know if you have kidney damage from diabetes?
Most people with diabetic kidney disease do not have symptoms. The only way to know if you have diabetic kidney disease is to get your kidneys checked. Health care professionals use blood and urine tests to check for diabetic kidney disease.
What is the most important symptom of early kidney disease from diabetes?
The earliest sign of diabetic kidney disease is increased excretion of albumin in the urine. This is present long before the usual tests done in your doctor's office show evidence of kidney disease, so it is important for you to have this test on a yearly basis. Weight gain and ankle swelling may occur.
What are the stages of kidney failure in diabetes?
Stage 1: Kidney damage present but normal kidney function and a GFR of 90% or above.
Stage 2: Kidney damage with some loss of function and a GFR of 60–89%.
Stage 3: Mild to severe loss of function and a GFR of 30–59%.
Stage 4: Severe loss of function and GFR of 15–29%.
Stage 5: Kidney failure and a GFR of under 15%.
Symptoms- In the early stages, a person may not notice any symptoms. At stage 4 or 5, they may feel unwell and experience the following symptoms:
swollen ankles, feet, lower legs, or hands due to water retention
darker urine due to blood in the urine
shortness of breath
fatigue due to lack of oxygen in the bloo
Following a treatment plan for diabetes and attending regular health checks can help a person with diabetes control their blood sugar levels, reduce the risk of kidney 
किडनी रोग विशेषज्ञ डॉ यु एस  राय से बातचीत पर आधारित

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