Diabetes and exercise . How physical activity can help control blood sugar

Diabetes and exercise . How physical activity can help control blood sugar

Physical activity can be an effective tool in managing diabetes because it helps regulate blood sugar levels. Here are some of the ways in which exercise can help:

Increases insulin sensitivity: Physical activity helps improve the body's sensitivity to insulin, which is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. When the body is more sensitive to insulin, it requires less of the hormone to transport glucose from the blood into the cells, which can help lower blood sugar levels.

Promotes glucose uptake: During exercise, muscles use glucose as fuel to produce energy. This process helps remove glucose from the bloodstream, thereby reducing blood sugar levels.

Improves blood circulation: Physical activity increases blood circulation, which helps transport glucose and insulin more efficiently throughout the body.

Reduces insulin resistance: Regular exercise can help reduce insulin resistance, which is a condition in which the body's cells become less responsive to insulin. Insulin resistance is a common feature of type 2 diabetes.

Helps with weight management: Exercise can help with weight loss or weight management, which is important for people with diabetes because excess weight can contribute to insulin resistance and high blood sugar levels.

Lowers stress levels: Exercise can help reduce stress, which can also contribute to high blood sugar levels.

It is important to note that people with diabetes should consult with their healthcare provider before starting any exercise program to ensure that it is safe and appropriate for their individual needs. They may also need to monitor their blood sugar levels before, during, and after exercise to avoid hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).

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