what is open heart surgery and how can be done or what is impact even open heart surgery done plz must read

The term "open heart surgery" means that you are connected to a heart-lung bypass machine, or bypass pump during surgery. Your heart is stopped while you are connected to this machine. This machine does the work of your heart and lungs while your heart is stopped for surgery.
Is open heart surgery serious?
In adults, a surgeon will operate on the heart to treat problems with the valves, arteries supplying the heart, and aneurysms in the main vessel leaving the heart. While it is an intensive surgery, the risk of mortality is very low. One 2013 study showed an in-hospital mortality rate of 2.94 per cent.
What is life expectancy after open heart surgery?
Survival at 20 years after surgery with and without hypertension was 27% and 41%, respectively. Similarly, 20-year survival was 37% and 29% for men and women. Conclusions— Symptomatic coronary atherosclerotic heart disease requiring surgical revascularization is progressive with continuing events and mortality.
Why would you need open heart surgery?
You may need open-heart surgery if you have one of these heart conditions: Arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation. Congenital heart defects, such as atrial septal defect (hole in the heart) or hypoplastic left heart syndrome (underdeveloped heart structures). Coronary artery disease......Dr shasi sekhar sinha cardiologist ranchi

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