If you are suffering from diabetes, then you have to pay attention to your kidney, first of all, why and how your kidney will be damaged, let us give you information through this article today.

The biggest cause of diabetes is unhealthy lifestyle. Due to which the level of blood sugar in the body of most adults becomes high. According to the International Diabetes Federation, as of 3 March 2020, around 770 million adults in India were suffering from the problem of diabetes. Talking about a general figure, about a quarter of diabetic patients are at risk of kidney failure. Dialysis is needed only when kidney function is disrupted, with the help of which the blood present in the body is filtered and purified. In which thousands and lakhs of rupees are spent. But have you ever thought that what is the relationship between diabetes and kidney and how it increases the risk of kidney failure?
Let us first know what is diabetes?
In the problem of diabetes, the level of blood sugar starts increasing in the patient's body. There are mainly three types, such as type-1 diabetes, type-2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. Insulin plays an important role in all three types of diabetes. Because insulin helps to control blood glucose in our body.

In type 1 diabetes, your immune system mistakenly destroys insulin-producing cells.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type, in which insulin-producing cells in your body produce insufficient or negligible amounts of insulin. Gestational diabetes occurs when women develop diabetes during or because of pregnancy. .

Why is kidney needed and what can happen if it becomes unhealthy?
Kidneys keep working day and night to remove impurities from our body. It helps to remove waste material from the blood through urine. Due to the disease and deterioration of the kidney, its function gradually gets interrupted. The biggest fear of kidney problems is that it is often detected when the problem is severe. When the kidney is unable to purify the blood, the blood is filtered with the help of dialysis. If not treated at the right time, then the kidney fails. The kidneys are responsible for filtering our blood and removing toxins. When diabetes remains unbalanced for more than 6 months in a row, it causes disturbances in kidney function. For this reason, chronic kidney disease can develop. Medicines, dialysis and kidney transplant are needed in such cases. Imbalanced blood pressure due to kidney effects due to diabetes, albumin protein in urine, swelling of eyes, hands, feet and ankles, frequent urination, mental confusion, difficulty in breathing, vomiting, nausea, tiredness Or there may be symptoms like itching on the skin. Diabetes can damage your kidneys in the following ways. Mainly, the blood vessels in the kidneys are used to clean the blood. These blood arteries narrow or become obstructed due to increased blood sugar during diabetes. Due to which the kidney does not get enough blood and nutrition. Due to lack of nutrition, the kidney is not able to function properly and the albumin protein necessary for the body is excreted with the help of urine.

Our nervous system does the work of giving signals for different functions of the body. But due to high blood sugar, the blood arteries of the body get constricted and the nervous system does not get enough nutrition. Due to which it does not send the signal to the body to urinate even when the bladder is filled with urine. Because of this, there is a lot of pressure on the kidney along with the bladder and it also becomes prone to damage.

Urine infection can occur in the bladder due to frequent filling or not emptying on time. Gradually, the bacteria due to this infection reach the kidney and can infect it too. Keep your blood sugar level normal. Keep your blood sugar on an empty stomach around 100mg/dL with regular test results and 150mg/dL for random blood sugar tests.

Keep your HbA1c test result up to 6.5. This test tells the control of diabetes for the last three months. By doing this, diabetes can be kept under control for the whole life without harming any bodily part.

A diabetic patient should get kidney ultrasound test, serum, urea, uric acid and creatinine test, urine for micro albumin urea test done once in a year for timely detection of kidney disease and avoid serious harm.

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